Scientists are making carbon fiber from plants instead of petroleum
Cheaper, plant-based carbon fiber could be used to make lighter cars that consume less fuel.
Acrylonitrile is one of those sci-fi polymers with outstanding strength to weight ratios, but was traditionally formed from petroleum processing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has effectively cut out the carbon to coal/oil middle man and used agro byproducts as a direct source for acrylonitrile synthesis. This plant-direct methodology produces no toxic byproducts, creating an ideal union of function and bio-integration.
Establishing a type 1 civilization requires absolute efficiency of all resources and inputs. Thus, projects that incorporate biointegration, emulating the decomposition-like effects of natural systems, and eliminate toxic byproducts are necessary and vital to our progress. Exciting stuff.
Popular Science – Deaton, J. 12 Jan 2018